Dhiraj Telaiya, India 54 Questions 124 Answers 23 Best Answers 356 Points View Profile 3 DhirajProficient Asked: March 2, 20212021-03-02T01:43:02+00:00 2021-03-02T01:43:02+00:00In: Education What does it mean by philosophy and what are the branches of philosophy? 3 What does it mean by philosophy and what are the branches of philosophy? philosophy Share Facebook 1 Answer Voted Oldest Recent Dhiraj Telaiya, India 54 Questions 124 Answers 23 Best Answers 356 Points View Profile Dhiraj Proficient 2021-03-02T01:51:02+00:00Added an answer on March 2, 2021 at 1:51 am Philosophy Philosophy is the study of underlying things. This means philosophy tries to understand the reasons or basis for things. It also tries to understand how things should be. “Philosophia” is the Ancient Greek word for the “love of wisdom”. A person who does philosophy is called a philosopher. A philosopher is a kind of thinker or researcher. A “philosophy” can also mean a group of ideas by philosophers, or by a philosopher. Philosophy is a way of thinking about the world, the universe, and society. In the past, sciences were part of philosophy as well. To understand the foundations of educational philosophies, it’s necessary to first examine philosophy’s four main branches. Understanding educational philosophy will contribute to the understanding of how these foundations have given rise to what is commonly practiced and believed in the classroom today. The four main branches of philosophy are metaphysics, epistemology, axiology, and logic. Metaphysics Metaphysics is the branch of philosophy that considers the physical universe and the nature of ultimate reality. It asks questions like, What is real? What is the origin of the world? What is beyond the stars? Your consideration of reality as an external creation or an internal construct can influence your metaphysical beliefs and perspectives and your teaching. Regardless of your definition of reality, the exploration and categorization of the physical universe form the foundation of several school subjects. Epistemology Epistemology is the branch of philosophy that considers how people come to learn what they know. Derived from the Greek word episteme, meaning knowledge or understanding, epistemology refers to the nature and origin of knowledge and truth. Epistemology proposes that there are four main bases of knowledge: divine revelation, experience, logic and reason, and intuition. These influence how teaching, learning, and understanding come about in the classroom. Axiology Axiology is the branch of philosophy that considers the study of principles and values. These values are divided into two main kinds: ethics and aesthetics. Ethics is the questioning of morals and personal values. Aesthetics is the examination of what is beautiful, enjoyable, or tasteful. In axiology education is more than just about knowledge but also quality of life. Logic Logic is the branch of philosophy that seeks to organize reasoning. Students of logic learn how to think in a structurally sound manner. Logic has two types: deductive and inductive reasoning. Deductive reasoning involves examining a general case, deducing a general set of rules or principles, and then applying these rules to specific cases. Inductive reasoning involves taking specific examples and considering the general principles, rules, or cases that caused them. 3 Share Share Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on LinkedIn Share on WhatsApp Select as best answer You must login to add an answer. Username or email* Password* Remember Me! Forgot Password?